Are you even a little curious about Mausoleum? As you may soon perceive, I wonder about numerous things, and am constantly excited to bring out fascinating facts I find online. Reality being what it is… my university students and associates bring various sites to my attention, so I aim to share them as soon as possible. In fact, occasionally our regional secondary school student volunteers bring in their preferred online findings. Either way, I like to bring these things to your attention, and help us all discover a bit more about Mausoleum.
But, all the people who are persistent followers of my posts will recognize this, however, I like to share it since individuals repost my content on their various sites accounts, I include this in to bring my story to each brand-new website on which it is shared. Maybe a bit unusual to believe, I understand, but my Harvard-educated mother was a stay-at-home-mom up until I was 18. She poured her hunger for knowing, puzzle-solving, and similar interests into my mind. My mom built into my soul a desire for a lifetime of learning, and I enjoy it! Have you currently seen that in me? I think of so, because it distinctively certifies me to bring intriguing and relevant info to you, one post by post, over time.
Be realistic, OK? Who could say no to Mausoleum? You will quickly seen that I have been an avid student of this category for decades now, going to conferences and going to regional clubs & groups. My pastimes and interests are fairly diverse, and it creates an intriguing life, and every day is a brand-new adventure! In fact, my family has been interested in all this for a very long time, so you might say I grew up with it, and I am proud of all the things my papa, mom, and extended family built into my mind to make me the individual I am today.
The Worlds Most Famous Mausoleum and the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus.
When most of us die we will leave behind a simple memorial headstone to mark our graves, for a few though such modest memorials are not enough… not nearly enough. Throughout history the rich and powerful have been buried in grand mausoleums that are built to last for centuries.
The family of the deceased, in many cases, has built a mausoleum in order to make a fitting tribute to their departed loved one. Others have been designed by the eventual occupant as a way of making sure their name will last forever.
One of the world most famous mausoleums in the world is probably not even instantly recognisable as a mausoleum at all. The Taj Mahal in India is one of the wonders of the world and draws millions to it year after year. What many people may not realise though is that the Taj Mahal is a tomb for a Mughal Empress. The Emperor Shah Jahan was so grief stricken when his wife Mumtaz Mahal died that he ordered the construction of the Taj as a mausoleum and monument to their eternal love. Upon the death of the Emperor this tomb was placed alongside his wife where they both remain to this day.
The only mausoleums in existence today that can claim to be more famous than the Taj Mahal are the Pyramids. The Great Pyramid at Giza, Egypt, is the most iconic and largest of the Pyramids, it is also the oldest of the Seven Ancient Wonders of the World and the most well preserved today. The pyramid was built for the fourth dynasty Pharaoh Khufu and took around 20 years to be completed with a completion date of around 2560 BC. The pyramids are an engineering marvel with experts still baffled at just how the ancient Egyptians were able to construct it so perfectly.
Most modern mausoleums can probably trace their roots back to one of the wonders of the ancient world the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus or the Tomb of Mausolus as it was known, in fact the very word mausoleum comes form this tomb. The tomb was built between 353 and 350 BC by Artemisia II of Caria in memory of her husbands and brother Maulsolus the ruler of Caria in what is modern day Turkey. Artemisia scoured ancient Greece to find the best architects and artisans to create a tomb fit for the former ruler. The result was a magnificent tomb and although it no longer exists today its influence can be seen in mausoleums across the world.
Between 353 and 350 B.C., the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, which would become one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, was erected in what is now the city of Bodrum located in southeastern Turkey. The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus was designed as a tomb for Mausolus, who was a satrap or governor of the region. The tomb was ordered to be constructed by Artemisia, for her husband upon his death in 353 B.C. Mausolus and Artemisia II of Caria were husband and wife, as well as brother and sister and they had ruled the adjoining regions from Halicarnassus for a period of twenty four years. The tradition of sibling marriage was common in Caria and was primarily a strategy for keeping supremacy and prosperity in the family. Upon the death of Mausolus, Artemisia was said to be so undone by his death that she combined his ashes with water and drank them. She then ordered the awe inspiring tomb erected in his memory. The magnificent tomb soon became so well known that his name became the basis for the word mausoleum.
Perched atop a hill watching over the city of Halicarnassus, the tomb was within a courtyard. Composed completely of white marble, the great mausoleum is believed to have reached a height of 148 feet. Greek architects, Satyros and Pythis are credited with designing the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus which included a blending of Lycian, Greek and Egyptian architectural elements. The bottom of three quadrilateral layers was a base of steps sixty feet in length. The steps were guarded by stone lions. The middle layer was made up of thirty six Ionic columns roofed with a pyramid. Amidst each pair of columns there stood a statue. At the center of this level was a marble block. Without heed to cost, Artemisia also sought out brilliant Greek sculptors Leochares, Scopas of Paros, Bryaxis and Timotheus who were brought in to carve bas-reliefs, depicting battles between centaurs and lapiths and between the Greeks and Amazons, in each of the four walls of this center section. The most recognized of these artists was Scopas, who had designed the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus. The four sculptors and the architect were assisted by an uncounted number of additional craftsmen. The tomb itself was within the highest point of the roof and included a twenty foot model of a four-horse chariot composed of marble that held a likeness of Mausolus and Artemisia. The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus earned a unique historical position as it was one of few of that time that was not constructed to honor a deity.
The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus survived the fall of the city to Alexander the Great and remained guarding the ruins of Halicarnassus for sixteen centuries. A series of earthquakes destroyed the columns and catapulted the chariot to the ground. By 1404 AD the only identifiable portion was the base itself. The stones from the Mausoleum were used to erect the Bodrum Castle in 1494. The British Museum is now home to many of the remains of the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus. Grant’s Tomb, The Shrine of Remembrance in Melbourne, Los Angeles City Hall and the House of the Temple in Washington, D.C. are just a few of the present day buildings based upon the architecture of the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus.
Question: would you tell me if you are desperately tired? Hopefully not! Thank you for reading my post! I know I am still thrilled to share all I’m learning, and see this as much more than “Just doing a task,” so to state, because I am pressing enthusiastically for a meaningful life, and discover I love this outlet to widen my horizons. This is a lot more that just staying occupied or using-up my time, it’s an actual education!
For those who you are still curious about Mausoleum, then read-on with the other posts in this area. You now know I wonder about lots of things, and constantly excited to share intriguing facts I discover online. I’ll remain to encourage my university students and coworkers to bring internet sites to my attention, so I will certainly share what they bring as quickly as possible.
You’ll recall I noted previously, I would clearly be out of sorts if I did not have this location to share my enthusiasms on all the topics and training I discovered in private ventures. My beliefs are open for debate, but I need to warn you that I have studied this topic for a long, very long time and have seen many mind-bending ideas come and go. Make certain to share a great deal of details when you send your conflicting viewpoints.
Many thanks!! I very much appreciate your time in reading this Mausoleum article, and I anticipate “seeing you” here again soon!
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